The Pendleton District ,"immediately under the Big Mountains"

This page will be used for Pendleton District generalities such as maps, and for telling about people who may be important to the i1a Hardins but who do not have a dedicated page.

Mills' Map of Pendleton District Surveyed by Scribling 1820, Improved for Mills' Atlas 1825

Mills maps of South Carolina at are not as clean as the reprint. For the county maps at you can export medium up to 1536 pixels and large, up to 3092 pixels. Media information at that site: "The District maps are derived from surveys done for John Wilson's 1822 map of South Carolina, also engraved by Tanner."

"Hardins Island" in the Tugaloo River is shown. It is shown as half a mile in length and lies 1.5 miles down river from the mouth of Big Beaverdam Creek. It is on the branches of that creek Griffin Hardin and his children settled. It was about 4 miles north of the island that John Hardin was first granted land in the district. I have made no connection between the Island's name and our Hardins, but there probably is a connection. Perhaps after arriving penniless from Chatham County, while waiting for land grants, Gabriel Hardin and sons picked that island adjdacent to their land to set their traps.

John and Gabriel Hardin immigrated from Chatham County, North Carolina to Pendleton District between 8 Nov 1786 and 1790 and are found in the latter census. Contrary to my previous thinking that had Gabriel's father, John, relocating with him, the relocated John seems to be the eldest son of Gabriel, a young man newly wed with one young daughter. His wife's name is Anne. The couple sold out on February 7, 1800 and left the area. John's birth I guess at 1774. These clues should allow identification of this couple in some southern frontier after February 1800.

A letter on Pendleton and the War of 1812

"Pendleton district, S.C. furnished during the late war, upwards of 1,000 militia and 400 regulars for the actual service of the United States. This district is in the interior, immediately under the Big Mountains," says a letter to the editor; "and in 1790, the only place of public resort was the muster ground of the county, at which the little effective Mockasin force was collected." This letter, written several months ago, adds -- "we are far removed from the theatre of war, but always ready to share it -- 500 men, assembled at Pendleton Court-House on the 1st of February (1815) on a call from general Pinckney, in four days after the orders were received at that place, to march to the seaboard." -- An editorial item  in Niles' Weekly Register (Baltimore), H. Niles, editor, Volume IX covering September 1816 to March 1817, page 153, issue Sat Oct 28, 1815 at books

Pendleton Election Districts 1822

Pendleton Election Districts and Supervisors published Monday, Sep. 23, 1822 in the Southern Patriot, Charleston, page 4, and viewed at 25 Jul 2017.

Joshua Hardin b. 1780s, Unproven son of Gabriel Hardin or of his cousin Isaac Hardin

who settled in Lauderdale County, Alabama, and matches the Oran Hardin and Pendleton District DNA, was born between 1780 snf 1790 in South Carolina. It is possible that one of Gabriel's middle sons was that northern Alabama settler. It is also believable that Joshua was a son of Isaac Hardin of Greenville, SC. John Michael Hardin (Mike) of Savannah, Tennessee has found evidence for the latter in that names of neighbors of Isaac Hardin are associated with Joshua Hardin in Alabama.

This page includes speculation for discussion among reseasrchers of this family. It is not finished genealogy tied up in a ribbon for harvesting. Corrections and better explanations are requested. Contact Travis Hardin at ke3y at comcast dot net.

Below is the small amount of research I have done along with research other relatives have done. No proof is claimed, but the circumstances are agreeable to the theory. If the only clue we have is that Joshua was born in South Carolina, that is no good. But we have the important DNA 37-marker match. Nowhere else in South Carolina but Pendleton District, Laurens County, and Greenville/Spartanburg has that DNA been matched. See also the discussion on this web site about the sons of Gabriel Hardin at gabriel-w-john.htm.

The DNA. From Bill Hardin's DNA Web site Research by John Michael Hardin, DNA of Thomas Nelson Hardin, Jr.. He has all 37 markers in common with Oran Hardin and me.

Son of Joshua, Simon Peter Hardin, b. 1812 SC, married about 1837 Alabama. In 1840 he lived in Lauderdale County, Ala. with only his wife. No children were reported on the census. Residence in 1850 was Hardin County, Tenn. He married Catherine, b. 1827 in South Carolina. The first child said by John Michael Hardin to be born in 1839 in Alabama. Simon Peter Hardin died 1861 in Arkansas. (That is somebody else's research.)

Son Joshua Hardin said to be born 1818 but note he or his father patented land in Lauderdale County, Ala in 1834 at 2S 13W, 1.

Shirley Hardin Miller phoned 8 Jan 2014. Family is John Joshua Hardin son of Peter Hardin. They went to Hardin Co and McNary Co TN. John Michael Hardin is her cousin. His grandmother married a son of John Joshua Hardin. The tested person was Nelson Hardin of Corinth MS., a 2nd or third cousin of Shirley's. (Shirley was age 74 in 2014 and lived at 101 Johnson Street., Savannah, GA 31405, shirleymiller at bellsouth dot net is her email.

Hiram Hardin b. 1795, Pendleton District, SC. Probably Eldest Son of Aaron Hardin.

William Hardin b. 1804:   1816 William Hardin bought 116 A on Big Beaverdam Creek. Griffin Hardin mentioned. He was born 10 years sooner to buy this land. This item will be re-thought. William T. Hardin, son of Aaron Hardin, Sr. of my i1a family, left Pendleton District, SC for Tuscaloosa County, Alabama in the early 1830s. It was he, I thought, who enlisted in 1814 in the 1st Regiment of South Carolina Militia (Means' Regiment) as a musician. Alas, I have been mistaken. I have other information that shows the four Hardins in that unit, including William Hardin, are Hardins from Chester County, South Carolina. I have no record of William T. Hardin enlisting.

Pendleton District Griffins

"The Griffin family reunion will be held 14 July 1996 at Griffin Baptist Church in Pickens, SC. This reunion is held by the descendants of William Griffin and his first wife Sarah Kirksey and second wife Elizabeth Stroud, who moved from Chatham Co., NC to Pendleton District, SC in the late 1700's ... Elizabeth Griffin, 2329 Laurel Lane, Augusta, GA 30904." -Published in a 1996 Old Pendleton District newsletter, Linda G. Cheek, editor.

James C. Grifin appointed election manager at Pendleton court house, also Simon Dyal [Doyle] and Henry D. Rees. --Charleston City Gazette, Tue. Aug 14, 1810.

I am following Griffins with the thought that Gabriel's wife was a Griffin. I hoped there would be evidence but after speaking to Griffin researchers of Chatham County NC Griffins, I learn that one moved from Chatham to Pendleton, but none married a Hardin. I am changing Gabriel's wife's name to COMFORT UNKNOWN.

A Curious Thought: Back in Chatham County at a Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions on 10 May 1784 (p.52), about a year afterJohn and Gabriel Hardin's names were mentioned in that court,  "William Griffen [was] appointed Guardian to Mary Ledbetter having Given Bond with James Sellars." (p. 76) And on the next page, "Mary Ledbetter be Bound unto William Griffen till She Come to Law full age She being Judg'd fourteen now." (p.77 of Poe, p. 95 and 96 of original)

Source: "Chatham County North Carolina Court Minutes 1781-1785," Laird and Jackson, Poe Publishers.

Here we discover an orphan or other girl born 1770. Six years later, in 1790 the William Griffin family was in Pendleton District, SC. with 2 boys and 5 girls.The girl Mary Ledbetter was 20 years of age. If she went with the Griffins to Pendleton District, maybe she married one of our Hardins. I advance that undocumented, baseless suggestion hoping we can identify how Griffin Hardin got his name.

Pendleton District Miscellaneous

1800 Census

		Free White Males   	Free White Females	 
			Under 10		Under 10
10-16 10-16
16-26 16-26
26-45 26-45
45 & Over 45 & Over free slaves
457 HARDIN, Nancy 3-0-0-0-0 3-1-0-1-0 00 00
111 HARDIN, Isaac 2-2-0-1-0 0-0-0-1-0 00 00
1800 Abbeville
HARDIN, Bala		1M 26-44, 1F 26-44	

1810 Pendleton District, SC

 			Free White Males   	Free White Females	 
Under 10 Under 10
10-15 10-15
16-25 16-25
26-44 26-44
45 & Over 45 & Over
HARD, Lydia 1-0-1-0-0 1-1-0-1-1 00 01 slaves

Petitions to Divide the District of Pickens

Item: 04401
Date: No date


Please note that in the partial original document Reuben Hardin's signature is clear while the "Thos " can be seen as Thomas Hardin only if you know it in advance. Thomas Hardin and Reuben Hardin were the two oldest sons of Griffin Hardin. A "petition started a few days' since" probably refers to the petition to move the village of Pickens. That was around 1837, so by deduction, this was 1837 also. 

Here's the transcription.

To The Hon: The Senate & House of Representatives of South Carolina

We the undersigned names following Inhabitants of Pickens District ask leave to remonstrate & Protest against a Petition started a few days' since for a Removal of the Court House of our district Inasmuch as it will not be beneficial except to a few individuals. Many Reasons you will perceive might be stated, but the Proposition is considered so unreasonable that we deem it unnecessary to urge any, as such removal would be attended with considerable Cost to the Public and cause much in Convenience to the Citizens, & people particularly those of the western part of the district &C.

We therefore Pray for an equal Division of the District, or such a division as may be thought right & proper made by Commissioners appointed by your Honorable Body for that purpose.

This Division we think would add much to the convenience of all the inhabitants Collectively. and that the Public Buildings may be Reased by the funds arising from the Sales of the Lots of the contemplated villages & other source of Revenue, belonging to the District. Respectfully submitted.

Aaron Terrell, Mark Kent, __ Colham?, Thos Hardin, Samule Redmond, Reubin Gilbert, Hugh Hall, Tho R. Thelor[Tailor?][present at the Anderson 1840 census], Reubin Hardin, Daniel Mason [present at the 1830 census].

Hardins in South Carolina Militia Units, War of 1812

Highlights of this section:

William T. Hardin of my i1a family left Pendleton District, SC for Tuscaloosa County, Alabama in the early 1830s. It was NOT he who enlisted in 1814 in the 1st Regiment of South Carolina Militia (Means' Regiment) as a musician. There is no evidence that William T. Hardin served in the War of 1812 or received bounty land.


Source of names is mostly

1st Regiment SC Militia (Mean's): George, Israel, Robert & William Hardin. William is Cpl and a musician. Rest are privates. Willliam Hardin (1794-1848) is from the Chester County Hardins represented by the R1B1 lime pedigree at His parents are John Sealy Hardin and Hannah Boyd. All are buried at the Old Purity Presbyterian Church Cemetery. Plese see, and there is one documented tree on Israel lived in Chester County in 1820. So these are mostly Chester County men.

See for that Chester County family:
William Harden
Birth Date:     10 May 1794
Birth Place:     Chester County, South Carolina, USA
Death Date:     15 Apr 1848
Death Place:     Chester, Chester County, South Carolina, USA
Has Bio?:     Y
Father:     John Harden
Mother:     Hannah Harden
Children:     Thomas Cornwell Harden
Jesse Harvies Harden
Henry Smith Harden
Capt John Harden
Nancy M. McCollum
Eli Cornwall Hardin
Cynthia Bennett

Created by: Cindy Cornwell McCachern

1st Regiment SC Militia (Youngblood's): David Hardin, Robert Hardin. William Hadden/on. Abraham Hadden/on.

2nd Regiment SC Militia (McWillie's): Isaac Harden, corporal.


3rd Regiment SC Militia (Alston's): Harding, George, Pvt.

Juhan's Battalion SC Militia

    Harden, Abihu, Private

    Harden, Albert, Private

    Harden, Isiah, Private


Rowe's Regiment SC Militia: Robert Hardin, Sgt.

Tucker's Regiment SC Militia: Harden, John Pvt. Harding, Nicholas, Lieutenant.


*Means Names found are from War of 1812 Service Records, 1812-1815 results for Harden (

Austin's Regiment SC Militia

Nash's Regiment SC Volunteers

Rutledge's 3rd Regiment SC State Troops

Felder's Battalion Artillery SC Militia         

Butler's Division

Gasque's Battalion SC Militia

4th Regiment SC Militia

Howard's Detachment SC Militia

5th Regiment SC Militia (Keith's)

Joined the Regular U. S. Army

Hiram C. Harden of Pendleton district joined the 8th U. S. Infantry at Charleston  on 10 March 1814. Hiram Hardin was, I believe, the oldest son of Aaron Hardin, Sr. I believe his kinship because Mrs. Aaron Hardin, my known ancestor, gave birth to a son Asa Hardin in Charleston in March 1814. It appears that she saw him off to war. Hiram Hardin was born 1795 or 1796.

Gabriel Hardin, son of Isaac Hardin of Greenville County, enlisted in Spartanburg in Capt. William Haynes' Company of Walker's Regiment on 18 July 1813 and was discharged at Greenville, SC in March 1814. He filed a pension application (local transcription, from Greenville County in 1871. Also see my page isaac.htm .  The pension application says "South Carolina Militia" but the unit is not shown in the militia list above. 

Wild Geese

These Hardins may be found near Pendleton District but are not I1 Hardins. The first listed is a daughter of settler Robert Hardin of  Rowan County, NC. Robert Hardin is not an I1 Hardin. He has been shown to be genotype R2. Please see my robert-question.htm  and see DNA test and tree at

John Reid b. ca. 1765, probably Rowan County, NC, married Mary Hardin, daughter of Robert Hardin, Sept 1790 in Iredell County, NC. They moved to Pendleton District, SC. Their first child, Andrew, was borh 1791 in Iredell County, NC but lived most of his life in Anderson County, SC, and died there 22 Oct 1876. Andrew was an elder for 50 years at Good Hope Presbyterian Church in Iva.  John Reid died 14 Nov 1818 in Pendleton District, SC. Mary Hardin Reid was born 1775 and died 1851 in Gwinnett County, Ga. Secondary sources: archives at Roobsweb ; this writer has not examined sources.